Summer is not a good time but we cannot do anything about it. We only need to accept it and make the most out of it. With that being said, we need to find ways to enjoy the heat. There are people who consider refreshments while there are others who think about plunging to the water. Regardless of your choice, you should be at least aware of the health issues surrounding summer.
Summer also means the prevalence of heatstroke. Here in Singapore, there are many people who suffer from heatstroke. Heatstroke is not only the problem of Singapore; it is also a problem of the whole world. You should know that heatstroke is the most grave form if heat injury. Heatstroke is also known as sunstroke. The gravity of the situation should never be ignored or underestimated especially that heatstroke can damage the brain and other internal organs.
If you want to know more, you should read further.
- Symptoms: The trademark symptom of heatstroke is a body temperature of above 105°F. Other signs include seizures, throbbing head, light-headedness, dizziness, shallow breathing, red skin, not sweating, rapid heartbeat, vomiting, nausea and muscle weakness.
- Related conditions: Heatstroke is followed by other (less serious) conditions like heat cramps and heat exhaustion. Symptoms of heat cramps include thirst, cramps in the arms and legs and sweating. Heat cramps can be treated if you drink lots of fluids containing electrolytes. Heat exhaustion is worse than heat cramps. Symptoms include dizziness, headache and nausea. It can be treated by drinking fluids or taking a bath.
- First aid: If you suspect that you have a heat stroke, you should immediately seek for help. You should call the ambulance right away. If you suspect that someone is suffering from heat stroke, you should immediately start first aid. The least thing that you can do is move the person to a cool area. You can also remove unnecessary clothing. If the ambulance is delayed, continue to think of ways to cool the patient.
- Cooling strategies: You should know some cooling strategies should you or someone you know experience heatstroke. You can fan the patient while you wet his/her skin using a sponge with cool water. You can also try to apply ice packs to the back, neck, groin and armpits of the patient. If you think it is not enough, you can simply submerge the patient in a tub.
Anyone can be a victim of heatstroke. In fact, infants, old people, outdoor employees and athletes are more vulnerable for heatstroke. It is important that you carry out important cooling strategies to avoid the stroke.